Shanghai is China's international economic, financial, trade, shipping, and technological innovation center approved by the State Council, with a total area of 6340.5 square kilometers, a built-up area of 1237.85 square kilometers, and a permanent population of 24,870,900. Shanghai is located in the east of China, the mouth of the Yangtze River, the East China Sea to the east, and Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces to the north and west. In 2020, Shanghai's GDP ranks sixth among the world's cities, the international shipping development index ranks third in the world, the total port trade volume reaches 8.75 trillion yuan, ranking first in the world's cities, and the Shanghai port's container throughput reaches 43.5 million standards. Box, ranked first in the world for 11 consecutive years. In 2020, the per capita disposable income of residents in the city will reach 72,000 yuan.
As the cradle of China's modern industry and the Chinese working class, Shanghai had a motor reeling factory that introduced advanced foreign equipment as early as 1861. Around 1919, Shanghai was already the city with the largest number of workers and the highest proportion of workers in the country. As China's largest industrial city in modern times, Shanghai has concentrated about 50% of national capital enterprises, about 40% of capital, and about 50% of annual output value. Jiangnan Shipyard, which occupies 90% of the shipbuilding tonnage in the country, ranks first in the world in terms of overall scale and unit shipbuilding capacity. In 2020, the industrial added value will be 965.651 billion yuan, and the total industrial output value will be 3705.259 billion yuan.
In 2020, new energy, high-end equipment, biology, new generation of information technology, new materials, new energy vehicles, energy conservation and environmental protection, digital creativity and other strategic emerging industries will complete a total industrial output value of 1,393.06 billion yuan, an increase of 8.9% over the previous year, accounting for The proportion of the city's total industrial output value above designated size reached 40.0%.
Shanghai is the financial center of China. There are Shanghai Stock Exchange, Shanghai Futures Exchange, China Financial Exchange, Shanghai Diamond Exchange, Gold Exchange, Financial Derivatives Exchange, Interbank Bond Market, China Foreign Exchange Trade Center, and China Capital The inter-bank lending market, the National Gold Reserve Operation Center, the National Foreign Exchange Reserve Operation Center, the Shanghai Headquarters of the People's Bank of China, the Shanghai Headquarters of the four major Chinese banks (Agricultural Bank, Bank of China, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, and Construction Bank), the Greater China Headquarters of major foreign banks, and China Anti-Money Laundering Fund Monitoring Different types of financial institutions such as the Center, Shanghai Interbank Offered Rate, and China Insurance Exchange. The Shanghai Financial Court was approved to be established, crude oil futures were successfully listed, China Life Shanghai headquarters, CCB Financial Technology and other headquarters-based functional institutions settled down, and the scope of cross-border use of RMB was further expanded. Shanghai's trading partners have expanded from more than 20 countries in the early stage of reform and opening up to more than 200 countries and regions today.
Shanghai Port has become one of the most important trading ports in the world, and Shanghai Port's import and export ranks first among cities in the world. The port's container throughput has remained the world's number one for eight consecutive years. About 30% of "Made in China" products are exported to all parts of the world via Shanghai, and about 30% of products from various countries enter the Chinese market via Shanghai.
Zhangjiang High-tech Park in Pudong is a national high-tech park. Three national-level bases have been established, focusing on the development of high-tech industries led by integrated circuits, software, and biomedicine. In 2020, the annual research and experimental development (R&D) expenditure will be about 160 billion yuan, which is equivalent to about 4.1% of Shanghai's GDP.
The assessment result of implementing the strictest water resources management system in 2019 was excellent. In June 2020, it was selected by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development as a sample city for urban physical examination in 2020.
The "Blue Book of China's Urban Competitiveness in 2011" ranked second, and the "Blue Book of China's Urban Competitiveness in 2013" ranked third (after Hong Kong and Shenzhen). Shanghai ranked sixth in the top ten global financial centers in 2013. In 2013, Shanghai's GDP ranked third in Asia (after Tokyo and Osaka) and ninth in the world.
Shanghai is the second batch of low-carbon pilot cities in China. In 2012, Shanghai's overall score for the development of headquarters economy was 83.73 points, ranking second. Shanghai won the title of 2012 Charm City with Chinese Characteristics.
In 1973, Yokohama became the first city to develop friendly relations with Shanghai, and then gradually spread across five continents. As of January 31, 2021, Shanghai and related districts have established sister city (district) relations or friendship with 91 cities (provinces, states, regions, provinces, prefectures, counties or districts) in 59 countries in the world Exchange relationship. 62 countries have established consular offices in Shanghai. Most of them are consulates-generals and serve the East China region.